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Agriculture: Nursery for Paddy Transplantation

Rice (Oryza Sativa), one of the most important food crops in the world, forms the staple diet of 2.7 billion people. India is the largest rice growing country. Rice provides 32-59% of the dietary energy and 25-44% of the dietary protein in 39 countries. In India, it accounts for more than 40% of food grain production, providing direct employment to 70% people in rural areas. Being the staple food for more than 65% of the population, our national food security hinges on the growth and stability of its production.

 

Water is becoming single most constraint to produce more rice to meet increasing demand. With inevitable growth of demand for human and industrial needs, water available for agriculture will become scarcer in future. Hence, India needs to invest on improving its water productivity, and its capacity to produce more rice with less water. This will be an important contribution to sustainable food security.

 

Rice being a semi-aquatic crop grows best under sub-merge conditions. It grows well in soils having pH range between 5.5 and 6.5. Traditionally rice is grown by hand transplanting of 25-30 day old seedling after puddling.

 

Problems in paddy cultivation:

  • Puddling require lot of tillage and water (>300 mm). Puddling destroys soil structure, which affects growth and development of succeeding upland crops in the rotation, affecting productivity.
  • In present scenario, rapid labour migration from agriculture to non agriculture sectors like construction, industries etc. reduced availability of farm labour, especially for drudgery like transplanting and weeding in rice.
  • Increasing energy prices for pumping water and running tractors for puddling is also a concern.
  • Uncertain or delayed monsoon add to the worries.

 

The Solution: Raising of Nursery through Hydroponics:

Farmers need technologies that can reduce their costs of cultivation and improve their returns. They also need technologies favourable to environment and having less deleterious effect on natural resources.

 

Ayurvet ProGreen Hydroponics Machine & Technology is the solution. The hydroponic paddy nursery reduces the methane emission; is produced only in 7 days, utilizes less than 5% water of conventional nursery, limits use of labour etc.

 

 

Farmers Observations in Haryana and Western Uttar Pradesh:

  • Nursery Development: Hydroponics paddy nursery can be developed successfully in 7 days.
  • Rate of Germination: The germination percentage was 90% in case of hydroponic paddy and it took only 3 days for radical and plumule emergence while in conventional the germination rate was 75% and duration was minimum 7 days.
  • Height of Paddy grown: The height obtained in hydroponic machine is 8.5 cm in only 7 days while in soil the same height can be attained after 18 days.
  • Cost of production of raising paddy nursery/acre in Ayurvet ProGreen Hydroponic Machine: may vary between Rs. 1200 – 1400/-. This does not include the cost of seeds transplantation and transportation.

 

Average yield was found better in 7 days transplanted Hydroponics paddy nursery.

 

Advantages:

 

  • Saves 18 days at nursery stage
  • Saving of 95% of the water through hydroponics as compared to the conventional method.
  • Requires only 4% of land.
  • Easy to transport: Paddy seedling forms a mat like structure which could be easily rolled and transported.
  • Saving in Fertilizer at nursery stage: In conventional system farmer has to provide fertilizer for raising nursery while in hydroponics all the elements are available in ionic form. Thus farmer could save the cost of fertilizer at nursery stage.
  • Year round production: Hydroponics nursery can be raised year round and in the spare time fodder crop can be grown.
  • Better control: Hydroponic systems allow effective control in pH, soil salinity, alkanity etc. which are important parameters for seedlings at nursery.
  • Saving in cost of weedling: The hydroponics system of nursery cultivation uses an aseptic environment, thus prevent weeds. This translates into more efficient use of time and labour.
  • Free from Pest and disease: In conventional nursery, sometimes seeds may attacked by birds and ants. Extra labour may be necessary for re-planting. In hydroponics the seeds are protected in the machine.
  • Higher germination rate: In conventional nursery, there is no way to secure seed growing capacity. If it is low (sometimes 70%), re-planting at the un-growing portion is necessary. Whereas in hydroponics technology all conditions are pre defined.
  • Protection from natural calamities:  In such case, extra labour is needed. However in hydroponics technology the plantlet are grown in packed chamber which is not affected by rain

 

Ayurvet ProGreen Hydroponics Machines Models for Paddy

 

APH  240

Daily nursery production capacity

Upto 1 acre

 

APH  500

Daily nursery production capacity

Upto 2 acres

 

APH  1000

Daily nursery production capacity

Upto 4 acres

 

About Alternative Green Energy Solutions Pvt. Ltd.
Ayurvet is one of the leading animal health care company into the business of animal health care, nutrition and research and development. Ayurvet products are backed up by the traditional knowledge of herbals blended with modern…
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