Hydroponics: A background


The word hydroponics been derived from the Greek word “water working”, is directed to growing plants without soil (Hydro means water and Ponic means working)


Hydroponics is the science of soilless growing of plants in nutrient rich solutions. It is a technique where the physiological requirements of plants can be met without use of soil or natural sunlight. Hydroponics techniques have proven itself to be very useful and efficient for producing food for livestock. The advantages of hydroponics agriculture include control over plant nutrition and therefore increased production, stable harvests of high quality fresh feeds which is available all the year and can be produced on an industrial scale; the food that is available is free from undesirable materials such as weeds, insects, dust, insecticides, germicides, carcinogens and radioactive substances.



Hydroponics culture is probably the most intensive method of crop production in today’s agricultural industry.  With the possibility of adjusting air and root temperature, light, water, plant nutrition and adverse climate, hydroponics agriculture can be made highly productive, conservative of water and land and protective of the environment.



Significance of Green Feed in Livestock



FRESH GREEN FEED is the natural food for all ruminant animals. Grasses are also good source of protein. Fodder crops provide all the critical elements like highly digestible protein, carbohydrates, fats and minerals. Green fodders are very good source of β-carotene (precursor of vitamin A). This vitamin is necessary to maintain the health and reproduction in livestock. However, due to climatic conditions, succulent grass is only available for a short period in a year and is not available in many arid and semi-arid regions of the country. The shortage of green feed & its low quality are the main cause of low reproduction and production in animal. Thus, if hydroponics green feed is made available to livestock, it will not only address the concern of low availability but also help in improving livestock health. We refer hydroponically produced green fodder as feed because protein content is about three times higher and Energy values are almost double in Hydroponics feed. The conventionally harvested green feed consists only of cut grass, but the Hydroponics feed consists of grass, along with grains and roots. This method of producing green feed has many advantages for the farmers, the ecology and the environment.


Ayurvet Progreen Hydroponics® is a machine indigenously designed and developed, which utilizes the hydroponics technology to produce fresh green fodder round the year. The machine is designed to produce nutritious green fodder from maize, oats and barley and the seed to feed conversion takes just 7 days.

The Ayurvet ProGreen Hydroponics Machine is a semi-automatic system and method for hydroponics agriculture. The machines are comprises of logical combination of vertical and horizontal shifting of trays with the help of specially designed roller making it semi- automatic; with vertical downshifting of trays until third day and thereafter horizontal sliding of trays from fourth to seventh day.

The Ayurvet ProGreen Hydroponics Machine provides a system and method for hydroponic agriculture. The machines are made up of an advance hydroponic agriculture chamber, wherein the hydroponic agriculture chamber made of walls and roof of puff panels and a machine with the several tray racks and number of movable trays placed on the racks. The chambers have the provision of the natural light as well as artificial light for photosynthesis.

The Ayurvet ProGreen hydroponics machines has a Unique GSM microprocessor based controlling system which controls the growing parameters (like: Temperature, Humidity and Irrigation) automatically. The unique feature of microprocessor enables the user to monitor or control the machine from anywhere in the world. It also alerts the user about any malfunctioning in the machine.
In the Ayurvet ProGreen Hydroponics Machine, comes with a nutrient tank for providing nutrition during germination and growth of the plants, a water tank containing water for irrigation. There are two openings in the machines; one for feeding seeds into the system and another for harvesting of green feed mats. Tray racks are made up of fibre glass or SMC to prevent from corrosion. Trays are placed on rollers for easy movement and reduce human effort. In the machine, proper drainage system is provided to collect the excess water.

The method of keeping seeds in the Ayurvet ProGreen Hydroponics Machine comprises of the steps: washing the seeds twice with tap water, soaking the same in HeroSol 1 solution, and again soaking the seeds in HerboSol 2. After that seeds are allowed to sprout and put in the chamber.


Ayurvet ProGreen Hydroponics advantages


a1Saving of water: It takes just 2 to 3 liters of water to produce 1 Kg of green feed as compared with 80-90 liter/ kg required in conventional system. Water that is not used by the growing Green Feed is not wasted, as it is recycled & reused again.




Marginal land usage: On an average it requires less than 1/15th of the space needed by conventional agriculture to grow same amount of produce. This reduction in the amount of land required for maximum Green Feed production is an asset for both regions where agriculture is difficult & in densely populated regions that lack sufficient growing space.




Reduction in growth time: The growing time of hydroponics plants takes as little as7 days from seed germination to a fully-grown plant at a height of 25- 30 cm, ready for harvest. Also, the biomass conversion ratio is as high as 6-8 times.



a4Reduced labour requirement: This process of growing cattle feed requires minimal man- hour ratio per day. It is as little as 2 to 3 hours per day, needed to maintain & produce hydroponics Green Feed, as compared to the many hours of intense labour required for growing the same amount of feed as a pasture crop.


Enhancement of Nutritional value: Hydroponic Green Feed is a highly effective particularly nutritious feed, which produces 3 times more protein as compared to conventional Green Feed. It has high energy content, Vitamin A & E content and very high moisture content. Feeding livestock hydroponically produced feed may increase the milk production and improve upon the general health & fertility.

Completely natural: An important factor about growing green feed in Ayurvet’s hydroponics machine is that it is completely natural product. Therefore, there are no pesticides or fungicides used that could alternatively contaminate the milk or meat that are being produced.


Provide more acreage for food crop production thus improving the economy & sustainability of land. This system also eliminates additional pressure on an already over worked irrigation system.

Superiority of Ayurvet ProGreen Hydroponics is Effective insulation from outer climate.Durable and corrosion proof material and its basic frame Stronger structure with high quality.
Features Ayurvet Others Ayurvet Advantage
Base Frame: M.S. channel check cross check
  • Stronger structure
Walls/roof: Puff insulated panels check cross cross
  • Effective insulation from outer climate.
  • Durable and corrosion proof material
Climate Control        
Cooling: Industrial refrigerating unit check cross cross
  • Industrial refrigeration is designed for round the year operation and is more effective in maintaining temperature than air conditioner
Heating: Heat convector with auto cut-off check cross cross
  • Keeps temperature in the desired range even when the outer temperature in as low as zero degree
Fogging: Industrial Humidifier check cross cross
  • Heavy-duty misting system is capable of increasing the humidity up to 80+/-5%
Natural light check check cross
  • Saves Power
Environment Simulation System        
Microprocessor controlled check cross cross
  • All the parameters such as Irrigation; Temperature and Humidity can be controlled and monitored through mobile phone
Ozonators cross check check
  • Technical working is questionable
Drip irrigation check cross cross
  • Saves wastage of water
Effective Recycling of irrigation water check cross cross
  • Saves lacks of liters of water
Use of Nutrient solution check cross cross
  • Supports proper growth
Use of Herbal solutions check cross cross
  • Improves seed health & hygiene in growth chamber

Nutrosol, contains all Primary, Secondary and Micronutrients required for balanced plant nutrition. Made from lab grade minerals, Our nutrosol is formulated to be the finest balanced and pH buffered fertilizer available and make complete and balanced nutrient solutions for proper plant nutrition that produce strong vigorous seedlings. Nutrosol is the most used nutrient for a reason, it delivers spectacular results such as enhanced biomass, green and lustrous feed round the year.

 Beside this it also  Stimulate seed germination, seedling growth, and root growth act as Germination enhancer, Germination of seeds, root length, shoots length, number of lateral roots and biomass increased, provide nourishment and increase chloroplast content.


Several important factors have to be considered when preparing hydroponic nutrient solutions:

  • Water quality - salinity, concentration of potential harmful elements (like sodium, chlorides and boron).
  • Required nutrients and their concentrations in the hydroponic nutrient solution.
  • Nutrient balance.
  • The pH of the hydroponic nutrient solution and its effect on uptake of nutrients by plants. 

The optimal pH range of the hydroponic nutrient solution is 5.8-6.3. Micronutrients are more available in lower pH, but when pH levels drop below 5.5, risk of micronutrients toxicity, as well as impaired availability of calcium and magnesium.

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